реферат скачать
Главная | Карта сайта
реферат скачать

реферат скачать

реферат скачать
... А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И К Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я

реферат скачать
Введите фамилию автора:

Сборник диалогов по английскому языку для развития устной речи старшеклассников (The collection of dialogues on English language)

Сборник диалогов по английскому языку для развития устной речи старшеклассников (The collection of dialogues on English language)

Сборник диалогов

по английскому языку для развития устной речи старшеклассников


Составители учителя английского языка

Мануйлова Л.Н., Колпакова М.А. 

Данный сборник предназначен для развития устной речи учащихся старших классов общеобразовательных школ. Диалоги основаны на лексико-грамматическом материале современного английского языка. Они включают так же идиомы, американизмы, что повышает заинтересованность учащихся к данным диалогам. Тематика диалогов разнообразна, охватывает различные сферы жизни.


Higher Education

The problem of the court in the USA

Difficult children

Customs and holidays

A problem child

My first teaching experience

TV – a national disease

Family life

The only way to travel is on foot

What makes a good teacher

All happy resemble one another, each unhappy family is unhappy in it’s

An ideal family – a myth or reality. (What is your idea of ideal family?)

Should drug addiction and prostitution entail legal prosecution? What do you think of the causes of these phenomena?

Married or single?

Books and reading in our life

Television and children

Men make houses, women make homes

Books and reading

Man and music

Customs and holidays in English – speaking countries

The generation gap: myth or reality? (1)

The generation gap: myth or reality? (2)

Problems and prospects of higher education in Kazakhstan

Increase in divorce – a global problem (1)

Environmental protection problem (1)

Environmental protection problem (2)

Problems and prospects of higher education in Kazakhstan (2)

Increase in divorce – a global problem (2)

Customs and holidays in English – speaking countries.

The stricter the punishment, the lesser the crime rate, or is it?

The problem of family happiness.

The profession of a teacher

Higher Education

-  I am going to go America to educate there. How that I am eager to clear up some questions about it. Will you help me?

-  Of course I’ll do it anyway.

-  Nice of you to say that. First of all I’d like you to explain me. How successful applicants are chosen at colleges at leading universities.

-  I’ll explain it with great pleasure. These applicants are chosen on the basis of a) Their high school records, b) recommendations, c) their scores on the scholastic aptitude tests.

-  Well, I see. But does the system of higher education on the us comprise there categories of institution?

-  That’s right. These there categories of institutions are: 1) the university, which may contain several colleges for under graduate students, 2) the technical training institutions, 3) the two – year, or community college.

-  Well, I see! But can be they public or private?

-  No doubt. These institutions can be private or public and it depends on the source of its funding.

-  A future student will have himself in factors determining the quality of education what institutions can you suggest to me?

-  The most selective are the old private north – eastern universities such as Harvard Radcliffe, Princeton University, and University of Pennsylvania.

-  What can you say about their traditions?

-  Certainly. These traditions make a great influence on their reputation.

-  What else must Americans also know about universities?

-  Everyone has to know information about Professional degrees such as a Bachelor of Law, or a Bachelor of Divinity.

-  I don’t want to annoy you? But I’d like to know something about the requirements for a Master’s or Doctor’s degree.

-  You may read more detailed information in some handbooks or guides.

-  I see, you are not a chatterbox, you prefer to speak in a short way. But explain me the question about the credits.

-  It depends on the number of hours of work involved. They are earned by attending lectures and by successfully completing assignments and examinations.

-  Are credits for the academic work transferable among universities?

-  Yes, they are.

-  Many thanks for your assistance.

-  Don’t mention it. It wasn’t any difficulty for me.

The problem of the court in the USA

-  Let’s discuss the problem of the courts in the USA. I know the courts are the overseers of the law. No matter who the man is, everybody should know something about the court.

-  I quite agree with you. They administer the law, they resolve disputes under it.

-  It each state served by the separate court system.

-  Yes, that is so. State and federal system are organized into three basic levels of courts i.e. trial courts intermediate courts of appeal and a high court, or Supreme Court.

-  And what are, the state courts concerned with?

-  They are concerned essentially with cases arising under state law.

-  And what about federal ones?

-  Oh, they are concerned with cases arising under federal law.

-  No matter how difficult it is to remember, but I want to know about trial courts more detailed.

-  Will these courts include common pleas courts, municipal courts, county courts and mayors’ courts?

-  Which of them is the most important?

-  Of course the common pleas court is the most important. It is the court of general jurisdiction.

-  Any civil on criminal cases may be brought here, may not they.

-  Yes, of course.

-  How, I see and what about probate and domestic division.

-  Well, in short the probate division deals with wills and the administration of estates etc. and the domestic division deals with divorce, alimony, child custody.

-  This division deserves nothing but great attention and what about the juvenile division?

-  This division has jurisdiction over delinquent, unruly or neglected children and over adults.

-  How do you think what is the main job of courts.

-  No doubt it is to review cases appealed from trial courts to determine if the law was correctly interpreted and applied.

-  The Supreme Court of each state is primarily a court of appeal and the court of last resort, isn’t it?

-  Sure, it is.

-  What is the federal court structure like?

-  It is similar to the structure of the state court system. The trail courts in the federal system are the U.S. district courts.

-  What is the highest court in the nation?

-  The Supreme Court is the highest court in the nation. It consists of a chief justice and eight associate justices.

-  Whom are they appointed by?

-  They are appointed for life by the President with the advice and Consent of the Senate.

-  What is its duty?

-  Its duty is to decide whether laws passed by the Constitution.

-  I am very pleased to know all this. And I hope it will help me in my future work as a lawyer.

Difficult children

-  This year I’ll graduate from the university. And I am going to work at school. But children are in the first place at school. Though they sat I am meant to be a teacher. Sometimes I am afraid of so called “difficult” children.

-  You see, “difficult” children are not a problem in comparison with many other problems.

-  Nevertheless the problem deserves much attention of necessary. But one must concentrate all the efforts to understand the children, who to some extend are unhappy, who are inclined to use for example, drugs, to destroy order, and waste the greater part of the day.

-  I am glad you to have a shift in your opinion, calling “difficult” children – unhappy. You may absorb much information about youth problems from magazines and newspapers, which confirm the fact, that working with children 1st of all you are to love them in spite of the fact they are children of awful habits.

-  Well, I understood that to have success in future work with children. I love a way with these children. I’d like to talk with some experienced teaches who will be able to describe their long – termed work with much detail. No doubt, it will be of great importance for me.

-  You must not only to learn the children themselves, but their families as well, who are in a light corner. You must be very convincible working with such families.

-  Of course, I want to work at school though I am not so elated but I hope to find good relations with the children, and may be they won’t be “difficult” no longer.

-  Good luck. Really. You are must be a teacher, no difficult frighten you.

Customs and holidays

-  Many people like to celebrate different holidays now days. As you know the holidays are different: they may be – international, national, local, family, political, and cultural and others. Which of them do you prefer?

-  There is a proverb: My home is my fortress. That is why I like family holidays ordinary though they are.

-  By the way I quite agree with you on account of that fact that all the people love their families. First of all we like birthday parties. We prepare for them carefully.

-  Certainly birthday parties – are the purest ones we put a fortune tree in the living room and decorate it with lanterns, crackers, with birthday wishes.

-  Don’t make haste. Tell about the fortune tree in details.

-  It is not so extraordinary we put a branch of a tree in a bowl. Then hang paper toys, sweets, crakes with wishes in it. And everyone is pleased to receive any prize.

-  Great. I see you at your best. And what other family holidays do you celebrate except birthday?

-  Well they are different family anniversaries: entering school, finishing it, entering the university and graduation from it, the anniversary of wedding party and so on.

-  Well I see. It is so pleasant to be together with your relatives to make head or tall the sorrows, the troubles, the happiness of each other. By the way tomorrow is my birthday and I invite you.

-  Certainly I’ll come and I want to suggest you to make place markers for your guests, decorating them with colored paper balloons with the name of your guests. I am sure they will know your party will be more joyful and interesting.

-  Thanks a lot of. Doesn’t forget: tomorrow at 5 o’clock in the evening. My address is Flat 1. 54 Forest Street.

-  Don’t worry. I‘ll be in time and by the way I want to clear up know are you about folklore?

-  I like folk dances and songs and I want to show you my folk Russian dress.

-  Oh, you have made it yourself!

-  With a help of my relatives. I want you to hear Russian folk songs tomorrow. I know many of them. By the way my relatives can play folk instruments and we have a good time, resting together.

-  It is curious. I hope I’ll like it too. I like Russian songs too.

A problem child

- All I can think is the problem of problem children and problem parents? 

- It makes me angry to hear this why? This theme seems simple if important.

- You set much store by this problem.

But you see if people i.e. parents bring up their children there are no problem children.

- I don’t agree. I think the parents should have a very with their children. And it isn’t easy. I can tell you.

- How is that you can’t understand that there is nothing to worry about. Children must obey their parents. Parent must look after their children. And that is all.

-  I wanted to finish the discussion but I decided not to do, because some pupils are in very different conditions. E.g. their parents are drugs – addicted or have other harmful habits. They got their children rattled.

- I wouldn’t go so far as to take it5 seriously. Because there are not so many people with harmful habits.

- Look here unfortunately there are many problem children and problem parents, because of unpleasant condition in the society: e.g. unemployment, shortage of money, a high level of divorces and of course the school is involved in all these processes.

- It’s your look out. No doubt there should be two sided. Promotion concerning parents and children.

My first teaching experience

- I’ve heard that you had passed your first school – practice? What are your impressions?

No matter how difficult it was, I liked it. But you also had passed the first school practice, hadn’t you?

- Well, frankly speaking it was interesting for me to communicate with schoolchildren of different ages.

- Now that we are rather experienced we are not annoyed with the process of teaching.

-Really after my first school practice I have nothing but satisfaction.

- While being at practice I fond out that many pupils are smart.

- I’d like to tell you about one of the most interesting case during my practice in exchange.

- You are welcome. I want to reluctant to listen to your story.

- I see you make a fuss about it?

- Why not?

- Well one day, the pupils asked me too many questions at the lesson. I was at a loss. I understood that I know not much. I was ashamed.

- The matter was urgent wasn’t it?

- I decided to study very interesting stuff in different spheres.

- What have you done?

- I studied much valuable various information.

- What was the result?

- What brought about your relations with children?

- When they understood that I am well educated. They could entrust me.

- Well. Though it was our first practice, we realized we could bring the children.

TV – a national disease

- I assure you that TV has positive and negative influences.

- Certainly I am not opposed to this question. But I think needn’t worry about it; the TV leadership knows its way about and can find a necessary way out.

- I will say this for TV it taught me a lot.

- Sure, some TV programmes are valuable. Nowadays cable television, satellite televisions are widely spread.

- I prefer current affairs and nature life programmes.

- I see as to me I am fond sports programmes and sitcoms.

- Of course TV has much positive influence. It is modern, can be portable, interesting and exciting.

- But from the other hand. TV becomes commercial; there are too many thrillers, soap operas much violence.

- And the screen time is too expensive.

- I am annoyed with the advertisement.

- So do I. I think they should reduce the time of the advertisement.

- No matter how negative TV seems to be it has great future.

Family life

- In todays conversation I would like to concentrate of major problems of young couples, because not so long ago my brother has married. First his wife and he were meant for each other. And now..?

- Well, I myself am going to marry. And this problem is in the first place for me. Can you describe with much detail the problems of your married brother?

- When a young family was confirmed by the parents, all the finical problems were out – of – the – way. But then on account of young couple wanted to be independent parents stopped their support some problems appeared.

- You wanted drop a hint. They made ends meet.

- Exactly!

- And to avoid the problems both husband and wife should entrust each other and then their marriage will be effective.

- And what about love and looking up to.

- Sure. When young couples find fault with each other their marriage will fail under any circumstances.

The only way to travel is on foot

- I guess there are some pros and contras of the fast that the only way to travel is on foot.

- I have my feet on the ground that travelling on foot is of great importance I don’t object to travel on foot myself.

- It seems to me you have pos for this kind of traveling. I am not where you like, you may stay at any peace and it is not expensive. You are reluctant resting either near the lake or at the river.

- To my mind traveling on foot is the healthiest way to go about the country because you are not rattled by the air freshness.

- You drop a hint that it is useful to travel on foot.

- Exactly.

- But any traveling must have its pros and contras what about the contras of traveling on foot.

- Certainly. But I ask you not chatter like a magpie.

- Sorry. But nevertheless don’t wash your hands of the discussion.

- As far as I am concerned to be out of doors – isn’t very pleasure. The weather may be changeable, and you may be very tied of going to long.

- I don’t object to this point of view. But the thing is that you must be very attentive in order not to be in trouble.

What makes a good teacher?

- The question about teaching is more popular than ever.

- Really! What an importance it must have been to our society.

- It is because of everybody is involved in the process of teaching.

- The first and most important thing I have to tell you that some people have an inform gift for teaching.

- I really do remember that of course a good teacher must have an inform gift for teaching. But not only it!

- You have some contras of the informal gift don’t you?

- I am inclined that an informal gift as a matter of fact is vital. But I prefer the opinion that the skill of teaching can be taught.

- I don’t shift my ground. I know some examples, when good teachers without necessary pedagogical education, are good teachers indeed. They are teachers by their origin. There are meant for being teachers.

This opinion is attractive of interesting. But in comparison with it, the teacher must be a person of high qualification.

- Thus he must know too much.

- So a good teacher must confirm his high appointment to serve the business of pupils’ education.

All happy resemble one another, each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way

- A Great Russian poet L. Tolstoy has his own world – knows point of concerning happy and unhappy families. Do you purely consent to it?

- As far as I am able to judge each family is individual, all the families can’t resemble one another.

- Here I differ with you. When the families are full, parents are serious, they earn much to maintain the families, they take care of their children, and they may resemble each other.

- I must say I can see no reason oppose. Perhaps you are right. Really if the parents don’t pay attention to their children, can’t support they families also resemble each other, i.e. unhappy families also resemble each other.

- The question is whether we speak about the financial conditions. But I am lost in wonder why rich families may be happy.

-Sometimes I also can’t make head or tail of it. But it seems to me that happiness is not only in money.

- Those families, where is agreement, love, respected are happy, but where we have no such qualities, we speak of unhappy families.

- Therefore each family is a special individual part of the society. Each family has it own way of development. And it is impossible to divide all the families into the happy and unhappy ones.

An ideal family – a myth or reality.

(What is your idea of ideal family?)

- An ideal family is more like a myth than reality in modern life?

- I should never have thought that discussion the problem of the ideal family is such a difficult thing.

- May be it’s really purely a matter of taste!

- Speaking my mind and ideal family is a myth, because an ideal family can’t be in ordinary life.

- It’s precisely what I am going to speak about. Every family has always some problems.

- Unfortunately many members of the family don’t stir a finger to help each other and that is why there are problems. And an ideal family can’t exist in reality.

- Perhaps we shouldn’t judge so bitterly. I know some families where there is love; understanding and respect i.e. there are ideal families. It’s reality.

- An ideal family is a lifetime dream, because a family can’t exist isolated independently from the society. And there is ideal society. So an ideal family is a myth to my mind.

- Don’t be so pessimistic. As far as I am concerned every person creates his own fate. If there is a purpose of creating and ideal family you may have it. Everything depends on us ourselves. If we believe in positive and try to do the best for it, everything will be OK.

- Tastes differ. But I quite agree with you that we ourselves can create and ideal family.

Should drug addiction and prostitution entail legal prosecution?

(What do you think of the causes of these phenomena?)

- No matter how hard the question about drug addiction and prostitution is, we couldn’t ignore it, because at present these processes are more popular than we would like to have.

- Exactly. My personal opinion is that it goes even further than that I can’t agree with those who denies legal prosecution of drug addiction and prostitution.

- But why? If some people want to deal with it perhaps let them do it!

- I’m not sure you are right about it. These things are immoral, they are harmful for people. We can’t forget about it.

Страницы: 1, 2

реферат скачать
НОВОСТИ реферат скачать
реферат скачать
ВХОД реферат скачать
забыли пароль?

реферат скачать    
реферат скачать
ТЕГИ реферат скачать

Рефераты бесплатно, курсовые, дипломы, научные работы, реферат бесплатно, сочинения, курсовые работы, реферат, доклады, рефераты, рефераты скачать, рефераты на тему и многое другое.

Copyright © 2012 г.
При использовании материалов - ссылка на сайт обязательна.